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Changes to Citizenship Applications for Canada in 2017.
The Liberal government of Justin Trudeau has rolled back most of the changes to the Citizenship Act and the Regulations, implemented by the previous Conservative government. Below is a short (and not exhaustive) summary of new Canadian citizenship applications.
You must be physically present in Canada for 3 out of the last 5 years with no minimum number of days per year, before applying for citizenship.
Previously: You had to be physically present in Canada for 4 out of 6 years, with a minimum of 183 days in each of the 4 years, before applying for citizenship.
Days spent in Canada before becoming a permanent resident (as a temporary resident or protected person) within 5 years of applying for citizenship, count as ½ days, up to a maximum of 1 year (365 days).
Previously: The time spent in Canada before becoming a permanent resident did not count towards the physical presence requirement for citizenship.
Language and knowledge
If you are between 18 years old and 54 years old, you must:
- Meet language (English or French) requirements
- Take the Citizenship Test
Previously: If you were between 14 and 64 years, you had to meet the language and knowledge requirement for citizenship.
Under the new rules, you have to show that you have filed Canadian income taxes (if required to do so under the Income Tax Act) for 3 out of 5 years, matching the new physical presence requirement.
Previously: You had to file Canadian income taxes, if required to do so under the Income Tax Act, for 4 out of 6 years.
All the changes take effect on October 11, 2017. For more information please visit Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada, which is the source of the above information. Allow our Toronto immigration lawyer, Ivan Steele, to assist you with the new Canadian citizenship applications.